The Tonal Centre and the Tonal Chord

When you look at the notes on a particular scale, each note can be labeled with a scale degree. The bottom note on the scale, called the tonic, is the most important note on that scale and can also be called the tonal centre. The tonal centre, combined with the 5th note above it and…

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Chord Progressions: The Importance of Chord Progressions

When it comes to writing a good song, there are several different aspects that make up a good song. Often times, a good song has to be worked on and honed until it meets with the satisfaction of either the songwriter or the performers. While there are many different aspects of the song, perhaps no…

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Diatonic Chords: What are Diatonic Chords and why are they important?

In the world of music and musical notations, one thing that you will find popping up quite a bit is the use of chords within a musical composition. There are virtually an endless list of different chords that you can play, but one particular term that will often come up is the term Diatonic Chords.…

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What Are Scale Degrees?

Scale degrees are used to describe the different notes of a scale in relation to each other, as well as their function. The first note in a scale is labelled as scale degree 1 and it is called the tonic. Each note that follows in the scale is given the following number: 2, 3, 4…

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How to Read Bass Clef

When you’re first learning to play music there are a number of challenges that we must overcome. Without a doubt one of the biggest of those challenges is learning to read music. So if you play an instrument that uses the bass clef, this lesson will tell you how to read it. You’ll learn where…

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How to Read Treble Clef

Would you like to learn how to read treble clef? If you’re just starting to learn how to read music you might want to start with the basics, such as what is a treble clef, what is a note and what is the staff?! But once you’ve got them down you’ll want to learn the…

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How to Read Sheet Music – The Basics

You’d like to learn how to read sheet music. But when you look at any sheet music all you see is a mess of lines and dots and you’re just getting frustrated. This is no surprise! Learning to read sheet music can be a pain when you’re first getting started because there’s a fair bit…

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What are Intervals?

An interval is the difference in pitch between two musical notes. An interval is created whenever two musical notes are sounded. Every specific interval sounds different to every other interval, because no two intervals cause the two notes to resonate with each other in the same way. What are the common intervals in western music?…

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What is a Scale?

A scale is a sequence of musical notes. The notes of a scale are often played in sequence, ascending from the lowest note to the highest or descending from the highest note to the lowest. Scales can be made up of any number of notes, put together in all manner of different sequences. The unique…

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What is tonality?

Tonality is a musical concept that explains the relationships between the various pitches that make up a piece of music. When many musical notes are sounded in a piece of music a set hierarchy is formed between the pitches based on the intervals formed between them. One pitch is heard as the strongest or most…

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